Feb. 14th, 2012

shvarz: (Default)
Продолжаем цитировать Уэллса и ко.:

"...progress, like higher and lower, implies some scale of values. If one wants to analyze purely objectively it is best to leave values out. On the other hand, if we want something fuller and more warming than detached analysis, if we want to build from the multitudinous facts a vision of Evolution as an imposing whole, there is nothing to stop our putting them in."

"When we take a number of examples of what common-sense would call high animals and a number of what common-sense would call low animals, and reflect on the differences between them, we see that there is a real criterion of high as against low, of progress against standing still or degeneration. In a word, the higher creature has more control over the environment, and is more independent in it; it is in touch, through its sense-organs and brain, with more of the world about it, the world for it is larger and more varied and so far as we can judge from analogy with our own minds, its mental capacities of knowing and feeling, learning and foreseeing, are greater."
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